What are the methods used in meat preservation?
The methods of meat preservation include drying, chilling, curing, fermentation, irradiation, chemical treatment and thermal processing (canning). Freeze dried meats are also included under this category.
What is the importance of meat processing?
Meat processing can also tackle the price problems of meat products, while at the same time allowing the raw materials, such as carcass meat and by-products, to be classified as valuable and less-valuable products.
What is the product of meat?
Meat is mainly composed of water and protein, which is flesh of animals such as chickens, sheep, pigs and cattle, and is usually eaten together with other food. Meat products includes all types of meat, poultry, and game products, in pieces and cuts or comminuted, fresh and processed.
Can fish be processed?
Processing refers to mechanical or chemical operations performed on fish in order to transform or preserve them. Fish are processed in a variety of ways and in different working environments. Removing the entrails from fish (e.g. gutting or cleaning) is a simple processing technique designed to extend shelf life.
What is the best method of meat preservation?
Cold storage Refrigerated storage is the most common method of meat preservation. The typical refrigerated storage life for fresh meats is 5 to 7 days. Freezer storage is an excellent method of meat preservation.
How is meat processed?
Methods of meat processing include salting, curing, fermentation, smoking, and/or the addition of chemical preservatives. Processed meat is usually composed of pork or beef, but also poultry, while it can also contain offal or meat by-products such as blood.
What are the steps of meat processing?
What is meat processing? “Processing” includes all the steps involved in turning a live animal into meat for sale: Slaughter: stunning, bleeding, skinning, eviscerating, and cleaning; end products are carcass halves or quarters, which go into a cooler for immediate chilling.
What is in the meat category?
Red Meat: All livestock is considered red meat. This includes beef, pork, goat, and lamb. Poultry: Commonly referred to as white meat, poultry includes chicken and turkey. Seafood: That includes fish, as well as crustaceans, like crab and lobster, and molluscs, like clams, oysters, scallops, and mussels.
What processed meat?
Processed meats are meats that have been preserved by smoking or salting, curing or adding chemical preservatives. They include deli meats, bacon and hot dogs. Eating processed meats increases your cancer risk. Unfortunately, when these processed meats are preserved, cancer-causing substances form.
How do you scale a fish?
Grasp the fish firmly by the tail and, using the blunt edge of a knife, start to scrape away the scales moving from the tail to the head. Rinse the fish under running water to remove any remaining scales. Turn the fish over and repeat on the other side.
How do you process fish?
The four basic procedures used in the final processing of fish products are heating, freezing, controlling water activity (by drying or adding chemicals), and irradiating. All these procedures increase the shelf life of the fish by inhibiting the mechanisms that promote spoilage and degradation.
What is creatinine?
What is creatinine? 1 Creatinine is a chemical waste molecule that is generated from muscle metabolism. 2 Creatinine is produced from creatine, a molecule of major importance for energy production in… 3 Approximately 2% of the body’s creatine is converted to creatinine every day. 4 Creatinine is transported through the bloodstream to the kidneys.
What is considered a high creatinine level for a child?
What are considered high creatinine levels? A person with only one kidney may have a normal level of about 1.8 or 1.9. Creatinine levels that reach 2.0 or more in babies and 5.0 or more in adults may indicate severe kidney impairment.
What is a normal creatinine clearance level?
The normal levels are: 0.6 – 1.2 mg/dL for adult males 0.5 – 1.1 mg/dL for adult females Creatinine clearance is measured in milliliters (ml) of blood filtered per minute (min).