What diseases did the First Fleet bring?
Arrival of smallpox in Sydney In April 1789, 15 months after the First Fleet arrived to establish a penal colony in NSW, a major smallpox epidemic broke out. The outbreak did not affect the British colonists, most of whom had been exposed to the disease during their infancy.
What are three 3 diseases that have negatively impacted indigenous Australians as a result of White Settlement?
The most immediate consequence of colonisation was a wave of epidemic diseases including smallpox, measles and influenza, which spread ahead of the frontier and annihilated many First Nations communities.
What are Aboriginal eye conditions?
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults experience bilateral vision impairment and blindness 3 times more than non-Indigenous adults. More than 18,000 Indigenous Australian adults over the age of 40 are living with vision impairment or blindness, according to the National Eye Health Survey 2016 report.
What diseases were brought to Australia by the British in 1788?
Then, in 1788, the first permanent settlers from Europe arrived in New South Wales. These people brought with them all the infectious diseases com- mon in Europe at that time, including measles, influenza, smallpox, diph- theria, pertussis, typhoid, syphilis, gonorrhoea and tuberculosis (Gandevia 1978; Curson 1985).
What are the common diseases experienced by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders?
Chronic conditions like respiratory diseases (including asthma), heart and circulatory diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney diseases and some cancers are more common among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people than among non-Indigenous people in WA.
What are 5 factors that contribute to high incidence of ill health and disease experienced by Aboriginal and or Torres Strait Islander people today?
This page provides an overview of the prevalence of certain health risk factors among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people including overweight and obesity, alcohol consumption and smoking, dietary behaviours, and not meeting physical activity guidelines.
Do Aborigines have better eyesight?
As a group, the Aborigines have significantly better visual acuity than the Europeans. This was true for both monocular and binocular vision. Some Aborigines have acuities below the previous postulated threshold levels.
What was the main cause of sickness among indigenous peoples in the 16th and 17th centuries?
Lacking immunity to Old World pathogens carried by the Spanish, Hispaniola’s indigenous inhabitants fell victim to terrible plagues of smallpox, influenza, and other viruses.
What year was the smallpox epidemic?
|10,000 bc||Smallpox postulated to emerge in early northeast African settlements from unknown source|
|1600–1800s||Severe smallpox epidemics occur globally|
|1763||Smallpox intentionally used against Native Americans during French and Indian Wars|
|1949||Last United States smallpox outbreak occurs in Texas|
What is the First Fleet?
The First Fleet is the name given to a group of 11 ships that sailed from Portsmouth, England on 13 May 1787 and arrived in Australia on 18 January 1788. This small fleet brought the first European settlers to Australia.
Who led the First Fleet at Botany Bay?
The fleet was led by Captain (later Admiral) Arthur Phillip. The ships arrived at Botany Bay between 18 and 20 January 1788. HMS Supply arrived on 18 January, The Alexander, Scarborough and Friendship arrived on 19 January and the remaining ships on 20 January 1788.
How many people died on the First Fleet?
The chief surgeon for the First Fleet, John White, reported a total of 48 deaths and 28 births during the voyage. The deaths during the voyage included one marine, one marine’s wife, one marine’s child, 36 male convicts, four female convicts, and five children of convicts.
What happened to the ships of the First Fleet after 1788?
The ships of the First Fleet mostly did not remain in the colony. Some returned to England, while others left for other ports. Some remained at the service of the Governor of the colony for some months: some of these were sent to Norfolk Island where a second penal colony was established. 1788