What does a positive immunofixation blood test mean?
A serum immunofixation test measures specific proteins in your blood. It helps to identify certain illnesses that are otherwise hard to detect, such as multiple myeloma, a blood cancer. The test is also known as IFE, immunofixation electrophoresis, or protein electrophoresis.
What does immunofixation serum abnormal mean?
An abnormal result may be due to: Amyloidosis (buildup of abnormal proteins in tissues and organs) Leukemia or Waldenström macroglobulinemia (types of white blood cell cancers) Lymphoma (cancer of the lymph tissue)
What does it mean when your protein electrophoresis is high?
Increased gamma globulin proteins may indicate: Blood cancers, including multiple myeloma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, lymphomas, and chronic lymphocytic leukemias. Chronic inflammatory disease (for example, rheumatoid arthritis) Acute infection.
What diseases does serum protein electrophoresis test for?
Serum protein electrophoresis is used to identify patients with multiple myeloma and other serum protein disorders. Electrophoresis separates proteins based on their physical properties, and the subsets of these proteins are used in interpreting the results.
What causes Immunofixation electrophoresis?
Immunofixation electrophoresis or immunosubtraction electrophoresis may be ordered when an abnormal band suggestive of a monoclonal immunoglobulin is detected on either a serum or a urine electrophoresis.
What does Immunofixation electrophoresis mean?
An immunofixation blood test, also known as protein electrophoresis, measures certain proteins in the blood. Proteins play many important roles, including providing energy for the body, rebuilding muscles, and supporting the immune system.
What happens if serum protein is high?
High total protein: Too much protein in your blood can be a sign of chronic infection or inflammation (like HIV/AIDS or viral hepatitis). It can also be an early sign of a bone marrow disorder. Low A/G ratio: This might be the sign an autoimmune disorder, where your body’s immune system attacks healthy cells.
What is the difference between serum protein electrophoresis and immunofixation?
Urine protein electrophoresis (UPEP) is used to identify the presence of the Bence Jones protein in urine. Immunofixation is used to identify the subtype of protein (ie, IgA lambda).