Is Cladonia rangiferina endangered?
In the 2012 Conservation Evaluation of British Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi Cladonia rangiferina is listed as Least Concern. In the 2010 Lichen Red Data List for Wales Cladonia rangiferina is listed as Near Threatened.
Where does cladonia Stellaris grow?
Cladonia stellaris or the star-tipped cup lichen is an ecologically important species of cup lichen that forms continuous mats over large areas of the ground in boreal and arctic regions around the circumpolar north.
What kingdom is reindeer lichen?
FungusReindeer lichen / KingdomA fungus is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. Wikipedia
How does a reindeer lichen reproduce?
Reindeer lichens swing both ways: they can reproduce sexually via spores, or they can asexually clone themselves. When fungi reproduce sexually, they send out root-like structures toward a neighboring fungus and exchange genetic information when they touch.
What eats caribou moss in the tundra?
The reindeer eat the radiation-rich caribou moss and pass it on those who can get the radiation from reindeer meat.
Why is reindeer lichen important?
reindeer lichen, (Cladonia rangiferina), also called reindeer moss, a fruticose (bushy, branched) lichen found in great abundance in Arctic lands. The lichen covers immense areas in northern tundra and taiga ecosystems and serves as pasture for reindeer, moose, caribou, and musk oxen.
How does reindeer lichen adapt to the tundra?
Just like all the other plants inhabiting tundra, they are well adapted to resist heavy winds and soil disturbances. It has the ability to absorb moisture and nutrients from the air through cells on its surface, however, it is also a hazard to them because they absorb pollutants in the air.
How does caribou moss reproduce?
Reindeer moss is a lichen and therefore, is a combination of fungus and alga. They reproduce by forming a symbiotic (close) relationship, releasing spores that are blown by the wind which produces a new plant. First, the green plant (gametophyte) produces male and female sex cells (gametes) which later fuse together.
Where does Cladonia rangiferina grow?
In the Pacific Northwest, C. mitisoccurs on rock outcrops and talus slopes , and is noted in abandoned fields in eastern Minnesota . Cladonia rangiferina occupies tundra habitats in Alaska [11,12,18], but on the Queen Charlotte Islands it occurs in open, dry habitats, usually with patches of moss .
What is the best reindeer lichen for Cladonia?
for Cladonia mitis: green reindeer lichen spineless reindeer lichen for Cladonia rangiferina: gray reindeer lichen graygreen reindeer lichen for Cladonia stellaris: star-tipped reindeer lichen alpine reindeer lichen star reindeer lichen for Cladonia stygia: black-footed reindeer lichen Styx reindeer lichen TAXONOMY:
What is the difference between Cladonia stellarisis and Cladonia rangiferinais?
Cladonia stellarisis more likely to grow in hot, open habitats, while C. rangiferinais more likely to grow in cool, shady habitats.
What is the difference between C rangiferina and reindeer lichen?
C. rangiferina, on the other hand, has a chaotic, bristly surface. Another common morphological difference is color. Reindeer Lichens are colored green to yellowish (e.g. C. mitis) to gray ( C. rangiferina ). The mats formed by Reindeer Lichens can be anywhere from 4cm to 12cm.