What happens if reinforcement is delayed?
The more common effect associated with delays of reinforcement is response rate reduction; however, under some conditions responding has been observed to be unchanged from immediate reinforcement. Under others, response rates have increased when delays are imposed.
What is response variation in ABA?
The variability of responses after one response has been reinforced usually provides an opportunity to reinforce a response that still more closely approximates the criteria that define the target operant class. Shaping is therefore a variety of operant selection.
Why are concurrent ratio schedules not typically used to study choice behavior?
Concurrent ratio schedules are seldom used to study choice behavior because they typically result in exclusive responding for the alternative associated with the highest rate of payoff (lowest ratio requirement).
What is delayed reinforcement give an example?
If any reinforcer is presented after a delayed interval, such reinforcers are called Delayed reinforcers. For example, if a student is only given a treat on completing his homework after a certain while, this might not make him continue completing his homework regularly as the result isn’t immediate.
What is the difference between immediate and delayed reinforcement?
Psychologists have found that immediate reinforcement is more effective in modifying behavior than delayed reinforcement. Why? Because humans seek out and respond more to instant gratification (even if the delayed/long-term consequences of the behavior are severely harmful).
What is ratio strain in ABA?
Ratio strain is a term used to describe a situation in which the required amount of work, or response, no longer produces the desired behaviors that were previously produced by lower requirements.
What is the difference between Nonexclusion time out and exclusion time out?
A and C (With nonexclusion time-out the individual is not totally removed from the instructional environment, With exclusion time-out the individual is at least partially removed from the instructional environment.)
What is one method to increase response variability?
Another method used to increase response variability is to simply reinforce novel or varied responses.
When two ratio schedules are programmed as concurrent schedules the usual outcome is?
When two ratio schedules are programmed as concurrent schedules, then the alternative that produces more rapid reinforcement is chosen exclusively (Herrnstein & Loveland, 1975).
How does steady state performance on concurrent fixed interval Fi schedules differ from concurrent VI schedules?
How does steady-state performance on concurrent fixed-interval (FI) schedules differ from concurrent VI schedules? A steady state performance is a stable pattern of responding. A fixed schedule has a record of a stable pattern of responding compared to variable. VI is the time between a reinforcer is varied.