What are complications of diabetes mellitus?
Possible complications include:
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy).
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Hearing impairment.
- Alzheimer’s disease.
What are the five secondary complications of diabetes mellitus?
- Heart and blood vessel disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy) in limbs.
- Other nerve damage.
- Kidney disease.
- Eye damage.
- Skin conditions.
- Slow healing.
- Hearing impairment.
What is diabetes mellitus Medscape?
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.
What is number one of complication of diabetes?
Nerve damage (neuropathy): One of the most common diabetes complications, nerve damage can cause numbness and pain. Nerve damage most often affects the feet and legs but can also affect your digestion, blood vessels, and heart.
Which complication of diabetes causes the most deaths?
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in people with diabetes. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, high blood glucose and other risk factors contribute to increasing the risk of cardiovascular complications.
What is a long-term complication of diabetes mellitus?
The long-term effects of diabetes include damage to large and small blood vessels, which can lead to heart attack and stroke, and problems with the kidneys, eyes, feet and nerves.
What are 4 complications of diabetes?
Here are the four most common complications associated with diabetes:
- Heart disease. A diabetic has twice a non-diabetic’s likelihood of dying of heart disease, including stroke.
- Foot problems. Diabetes reduces circulation.
- Kidney disease. Diabetes is the foremost cause of kidney disease.
- Eye problems.
What are the vascular complications of diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes is a disease that is strongly associated with both microvascular and macrovascular complications, including retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy (microvascular) and ischemic heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and cerebrovascular disease (macrovascular), resulting in organ and tissue damage in …
How does Medscape diagnose diabetes?
Diagnosis. Diagnostic criteria by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) include the following : A fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level of 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher, or. A 2-hour plasma glucose level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher during a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), or.
What are the 3 types of diabetes mellitus?
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).
- Type 1 Diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake) that stops your body from making insulin.
- Type 2 Diabetes.
- Gestational Diabetes.
What are the long term complications of diabetes?
Cutting straight to the chase, the main long term complications of diabetes include:
- Heart disease.
- Kidney damage – known as nephropathy.
- Eye damage – called retinopathy.
- Nerve damage – known as neuropathy.
- Limb amputations.
What are the microvascular complications of diabetes mellitus (DM)?
The major microvascular complications are diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. The diabetic foot ulcer shown is the result of longstanding peripheral neuropathy.
What are the long-term complications of diabetes?
Long-term complications of diabetes include retinopathy with potential loss of vision; nephropathy leading to renal failure; peripheral neuropathy with risk of foot ulcers, amputation, and Charcot joints; and autonomic neuropathy causing gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and cardiovascular symptoms and sexual dysfunction.
What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)?
Smoking, smoking cessation, and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Jan 5. 152 (1):10-7. [Medline]. Dong JY, Xun P, He K, Qin LQ. Magnesium intake and risk of type 2 diabetes: meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
What are microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetic foot ulcers?
These complications are grouped as microvascular due to basement membrane thickening or macrovascular due to accelerated atherosclerosis. The major microvascular complications are diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy. The diabetic foot ulcer shown is the result of longstanding peripheral neuropathy.