What do you know about extent of Indus Valley civilization?
The Harappan civilisation extended from Baluchistan and Sindh (present-day Pakistan) to Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and parts of western Uttar Pradesh. The civilisation approximately covered about 1,300,000 sq km. The cradle of this civilisation nested on the banks of the Indus river.
How much was the extension of Indus Valley civilization?
This civilization was largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia and China and covered an area of around 13 Lakh square kilometers.
How many places is the Indus Valley civilization extended?
Over 1400 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered, of which 925 sites are in India and 475 sites in Pakistan, while some sites in Afghanistan are believed to be trading colonies.
Who discovered Indus Valley civilization first?
Sir John Hubert Marshall led an excavation campaign in 1921-1922, during which he discovered the ruins of the city of Harappa.
How were the Indus cities divided?
Most cities of the Indus Valley civilisation were divided into two parts, i.e. the citadel and the lower town. Dholavira was different from most Indus cities as it was divided into three parts, i.e. the citadel, a middle town and a lower town. These parts were enclosed by stone walls.
How did the Indus Valley civilization end?
Many historians believe the Indus civilisation collapsed because of changes to the geography and climate of the area. Movements in the Earth’s crust (the outside layer) might have caused the Indus river to flood and change its direction.
Which is the largest Harappan site?
Rakhigarhi is the largest Harappan site in the Indian subcontinent.
What is Indus Valley Civilisation?
Indus Valley Civilisation – Read this article to learn about the origin, evolution, and characteristic of the Indus valley civilisation: The Indus or Harappan culture arose in the north-western part of the Indian subcontinent.
Who first used the term ‘Indus Civilization’?
Sir John Marshall was the first person to use the term ‘Indus civilisation’. The Indus or the Harappan civilisation belongs to the Chalcolithic or Bronze Age since the objects of copper and stone were found at the various sites of this civilisation. Nearly, 1,400 Harappan sites are known so far in the sub-continent.
When did most of the Indus Valley Civilization cities were abandoned?
By around 1700 BCE, most of the Indus Valley Civilization cities had been abandoned. What do you think? Why was it important that the Harappans developed standardized weights and measures?
What is the origin and extent of Harappa civilization?
The comparative analysis of the ruins found at different places of the Indus valley and Mesopotamia gives us an account of origin and Extent of Harappa Civilization. Some archaeologists are of opinion that the date of Indus Valley Civilization was between 3250 B.C. and 2750 B.C.