Who won the Marcomannic wars?
In 172, the Romans crossed the Danube into Marcomannic territory. Although few details are known, the Romans achieved success, subjugating the Marcomanni and their allies, the Varistae or Naristi and the Cotini.
What did the Romans call the Carpathian Mountains?
The name Carpi or Carpiani may derive from the same root as the name of the Carpathian mountain range that they occupied, also first mentioned by Ptolemy under the name Καρπάτης – Karpátēs.
Did Marcus Aurelius defeat the Germanic tribes?
He remained on the front until the climax of his wars against the Germanic tribes. He won perhaps his most important battle at the end of AD 173, fought over a frozen part of the River Danube. The Quadi and Iazyges tribes had formed an alliance. The Emperor was outnumbered and surrounded.
Who were the vandals?
Vandal, member of a Germanic people who maintained a kingdom in North Africa from 429 to 534 ce and who sacked Rome in 455. Their name has remained a synonym for willful desecration or destruction.
What happened to the Costoboci?
Shortly afterwards, the Costoboci’s territory was invaded and occupied by Vandal Hasdingi and the Costoboci disappeared from surviving historical sources, except for a mention by the late Roman Ammianus Marcellinus, writing around AD 400.
What is the difference between Costoboci and Cotobacchi?
The tribe called Cotobacchi (or Cotoboci or other manuscript variants) in a list of Sarmatian tribes in Pliny ‘s Naturalis Historia is considered by some scholars to refer to the Costoboci. However, Russu and other scholars consider the Cotobacchi to be a distinct group, unconnected to the Costoboci.
What is the meaning of Costobocae?
The name of the tribe is attested in a variety of spellings in Latin: Costoboci, Costobocae, Castaboci, Castabocae, Coisstoboci and in Ancient Greek: Κοστωβῶκοι, Κοστουβῶκοι, Κοιστοβῶκοι. According to Ion I. Russu, this is a Thracian compound name meaning “the shining ones”.
Where did the Costoboci live?
Ammianus Marcellinus, writing c. 400, locates the Costoboci between the Dniester and Danube rivers, probably to the north-east of the former Roman province of Dacia. In his Geographia (published between 135 and 143 AD), the Greek geographer Ptolemy seems to indicate that the Costoboci inhabited north-western or north-eastern Dacia.