What did David Siqueiros depict in his mural América Tropical?
The mural, commissioned by La Plaza Art Center, was intended to depict a romanticized view of tropical America, a land of plenty, with fruits falling into the hands of the people. Siqueiros, a political activist and revolutionary artist, instead painted a scene of Maya ruins, with a central, crucified Indian figure.
Was Siqueiros a communist?
Along with Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco, he was one of the most famous of the “Mexican muralists”. He was a member of the Mexican Communist Party, and a Stalinist and supporter of the Soviet Union who led an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Leon Trotsky in May 1940.
What happened with the painting by Diego Alfaro Siqueiros called America Tropical?
The mural scandalized Olvera Street officials, who ordered it whitewashed. “Without a doubt,” Siqueiros says in the documentary, “my work was destroyed because of its theme.” Ironically, years of being covered over by white paint actually saved the mural from complete deterioration by the sun and rain.
What is the meaning of the Tropical America?
Known formally as América Tropical: Oprimida y Destrozada por los Imperialismos (“Tropical America: Oppressed and Destroyed by Imperialism”), the mural was a powerful political statement on U.S. Imperialism in Latin America.
What was the Mexican mural Renaissance?
The Mexican mural movement, or Mexican muralism, began as a government-funded form of public art—specifically, large-scale wall paintings in civic buildings—in the wake of the Mexican Revolution (1910–20).
What is the story behind the mural by David Alfaro Siqueiros?
Los elementos fue el primer mural de David Alfaro Siqueiros. Se trató de un encargo del gobierno, que había convocado a varios artistas para que decoraran la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, antiguo convento de San Ildefonso.
What are the Obras of David Alfaro Siqueiros?
Principales obras de David Alfaro Siqueiros 1 Los elementos (1922) 2 Retrato de la burguesía (1939) 3 Tríptico La nueva democracia (1945) 4 Del porfirismo a la revolución (1957-1966) 5 El pueblo a la Universidad, la Universidad al pueblo (1956) 6 La marcha de la humanidad (Polyforum Siqueiros, 1965-1971)
Who is Siqueiros?
De regreso a México en 1944, Siqueiros continúa su carrera de muralista y su labor de teórico e ideólogo del arte, lo que se reafirma con la publicación del libro No hay más ruta que la nuestra.
How many etapas are there in the Ruta de Siqueiros?
En un texto titulado La ruta de Siqueiros: etapas en su obra mural, la investigadora Guillermina Guadarrama Peña distingue cinco etapas de la obra mural de Siqueiros: David Alfaro Siqueiros: Ideales agrarios y laboristas de la Revolución de 1910, 1925-26, Biblioteca Iberoamericana Octavio Paz, Guadalajara, México.