How does the caretaker speech fit the Input Hypothesis?
a. in relation to child language acquisition, the existence of caretaker speech on children provides good evidence for the Input Hypothesis. Researchers have found that many parents do not talk to their children in the same way they talk to other adults. They simplify their speech.
What is Krashen’s five hypotheses theory?
theory of second language acquisition consists of five main hypotheses: the Acquisition-Learning hypothesis, • the Monitor hypothesis, • the Natural Order hypothesis, • the Input hypothesis, • and the Affective Filter hypothesis.
What is Stephen Krashen’s theory?
Krashen claims that learners with high motivation, self-confidence, a good self-image, a low level of anxiety and extroversion are better equipped for success in second language acquisition.
What is Krashen’s theory of language acquisition?
According to Krashen, acquisition is a subconscious process ‘While learn- ing is conscious. Although both play a role in developing second-language competence, acquisition is far more important, since the competence developed through it, is responsible for generating language and thus ac- counts for language fluency.
What is Krashen’s theory of comprehensible input?
Krashen argued that learning—what we do when we study grammar rules—doesn’t work nearly as well. Instead, language is acquired and that happens through an unconscious process when we are exposed to comprehensible input.
Which is a criticism of input hypothesis?
Like for the acquisition-learning hypothesis, the first critique of the input hypothesis surrounds the lack of a clear definition of comprehensible input; Krashen never sufficiently explains the values of i or i+1.
What is Krashen comprehensible input hypothesis?
The input hypothesis. This states that learners progress in their knowledge of the language when they comprehend language input that is slightly more advanced than their current level. Krashen called this level of input “i+1”, where “i” is the learner’s interlanguage and “+1” is the next stage of language acquisition.
What is Krashen known for?
Stephen Krashen is Emeritus Professor of Education at the University of Southern California. He is best known for his work in establishing a general theory of second language acquisition, as the cofounder of the Natural Approach, and as the inventor of sheltered subject matter teaching.
What is i1 Krashen?
“i+1” (Input Hypothesis) was originally a theory of learning developed by the linguist Stephen Krashen in the 1970s. It basically says that learning is most effective when you meet the learners’ current level and add one level of difficulty, like the next rung on a ladder.
What is Krashen’s caretaker speech?
Krashen (1982) writes, “Caretaker speech is not precisely adjusted to the level of each child, but tends to get more complex as the child progresses” (p. 22). In addition, Krashen argues that, when examining first language support, caretakers cover topics about what occurs in the present rather than in the future.
What is Krashen’s theory?
In his theory, Stephen Krashen (1981) proposes the distinction between acquisition and learning of a language, being the most fundamental of all hypotheses, as well as the most renowned one among a number of linguists and language practitioners.
What is Krashen’s input hypothesis?
The Input Hypothesis is part of a group of 5 hypotheses related to Second Language Acquisition developed by the linguist Stephen Krashen. According to this Hypothesis, the results of the acquisition of a second language are related to the input that the acquirer receives/is exposed to.
What is Krashen’s theory on second language acquisition?
Unlike some earlier theories about language learning, Krashen’s theory on second language acquisition (SLA) has been stated in simple language- in words the majority of teachers can understand, and uses examples from classroom practice.