How is dengue diagnosed in the Philippines?
PCR as dengue confirmatory test available at the sub-national and national reference laboratories. NAAT-LAMP as one of confirmatory tests will be available at district hospitals, provincial hospitals and DOH retained hospitals.
How do you diagnose dengue diagnosis?
If an infection is suspected, you will get a blood test to check for the dengue virus. During a blood test, a health care professional will take a blood sample from a vein in your arm, using a small needle. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a test tube or vial.
How do doctors detect dengue?
Dengue IgM/IgG serological test Immunoglobulin M (IgM) enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and/or immunoglobulin G (IgG) ELISA are the tests of choice after the first five days of illness.
What is the gold standard for dengue diagnosis?
The World Health Organization (WHO) 2009 guidelines identify three diagnostic tests as gold standards for dengue diagnosis: viral isolation and identification, nucleotide detection, and serological tests for IgM or IgG seroconversion.
How common is dengue fever in Philippines?
Dengue fever is endemic to the region, and the risk of transmission is highest during and immediately following the rainy season, which typically occurs May-November. Authorities reported roughly 83,155 cases of dengue fever in the Philippines during 2020, roughly 420,453 cases during 2019, and 216,290 cases in 2018.
WHO dengue diagnosis criteria?
Case definition for dengue shock syndrome All of the above four criteria for DHF must be present, plus evidence of circulatory failure manifested by: Rapid and weak pulse, and • Narrow pulse pressure (20 mmHg (2.7 kPa) ) or manifested by: • Hypotension for age,1 and • Cold, clammy skin and restlessness.
How serious is dengue in the Philippines?
Dengue imposes a substantial burden in the Philippines; almost 10 times higher than estimated for rabies, about twice the burden of intestinal fluke infections, and about 10% of the burden of tuberculosis. Our estimates should inform policy makers and raise awareness among the public.
How do you know if you have dengue positive?
Symptoms of Dengue Fever
- Sudden, high fever.
- Severe headaches.
- Pain behind the eyes.
- Severe joint and muscle pain.
- Skin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of fever.
What is the prevalence of dengue in the Philippines?
Based on surveillance data in the Philippines for 2010–2014, we estimated 794,255 annual dengue episodes (95% CL: 463,000–2,076,000) and a disease burden of 535 (95% CL: 380–994) DALYs per million population using age weights and time discounting and 997 (95% CL: 681–1,871) DALYs per million population without age and time adjustments.
Is there dengue in Negros Occidental?
Risk of Dengue is present throughout the Philippines with the most cases in Negros Occidental province followed by Iloilo province, Aklan province, Antique province, Capiz province, Iloilo City, Bacolod City, and Guimaras. Transmission occurs year-round with peak transmission during the rainy season, from May through November. Source: ProMED-mail .
What do we know about dengue research?
Dengue is a disease caused by four separate but related viruses transmitted by mosquitos. In this systematic review, we aimed to describe dengue research in the Philippines, where the disease is of great concern, to better understand the types of dengue research and the main findings and important gaps.
How to classify dengue without warning warnings?
Dengue without warning warnings can be further classified according to signs and symptoms and laboratory tests as suspect dengue, probable dengue and confirmed dengue.