Is Obedience good or bad?
Researchers who study obedience are interested in how people react when given an order or command from someone in a position of authority. In many situations, obedience is a good thing. More disturbingly, obedience often is at the heart of some of the worst of human behavior—massacres, atrocities, and even genocide.
Where was the Milgram experiment conducted?
What impact did the Milgram study have on participants quizlet?
In the Milgram study on obedience to authority, many participants showed signs of extreme tension. 5 a) The participants were deceived about the aim of the study believing it was a study of the effects of punishment on learning.
What did Milgram’s experiment reveal about human behavior?
Milgram’s research has had profound implications for the study of individual behavior that results in harm to others, demonstrated by events like the Holocaust and the My Lai massacre, showing that obedience to authority figures stems from the construction of a situation or context of authority, within which various …
What were the subjects in the Milgram experiment asked to do quizlet?
Milgram wanted to investigate whether Germans were particularly obedient to authority figures as this was a common explanation for the nazi killings in WW2. It is hypothesised that the teacher will obey the authroity figure and inflict pain on the learner.
What does the Milgram experiment prove?
The Milgram experiment suggested that human beings are susceptible to obeying authority, but it also demonstrated that obedience is not inevitable.
What are the variables in Milgram’s experiment?
In the first 4 experiments, the independent variable of the Stanley Milgram Experiment was the degree of physical immediacy of an authority. The dependent variable was compliance. The closer the authority was, the higher percentage of compliance.
What lesson did Psychologists most likely learn from the Milgram experiment?
What did Milgram consider to be “perhaps, the most fundamental lesson” that was learned from the experiment? ordinary people, simply doing their jobs, and without any particular hostility on their part, can become agents in a terrible destructive process.
Why is obedience to God important?
Obedience to God is not only a way to worship him, but a way to get closer to him, prepare for whatever he leads you to and grow as a person. As Christians, we know we are not saved by our works but that our faith without works is dead (James 2:26).
How do you show obedience?
Part of being obedient is showing respect to your parents, honoring their ideas about what’s best for you, and showing that you think they are worth listening to. Make sure that you listen when they talk and respond when they ask you to respond. Don’t ignore them in public.
What was unethical about the Milgram experiment?
The experiment was deemed unethical, because the participants were led to believe that they were administering shocks to real people. The participants were unaware that the learner was an associate of Milgram’s. However, Milgram argued that deception was necessary to produce the desired outcomes of the experiment.
How did the Milgram experiment change psychology?
Stanley Milgram was a social psychologist best-remembered for his now infamous obedience experiments. His research demonstrated how far people are willing to go to obey authority. His experiments are also remembered for their ethical issues, which contributed to changes in how experiments can be performed today.
What ethical guidelines did Milgram break?
He concluded that under the right circumstances ordinary people will obey unjust orders. Milgram’s study has been heavily criticised for breaking numerous ethical guidelines, including: deception, right to withdraw and protection from harm.
Why do we obey authority the Milgram experiments?
Milgram’s first reason is consistency. To admit that our current action is wrong would mean that we have to admit that all of our actions leading up to this point were wrong. That is a very tough pill to swallow and most people would rather not do it. The second reason is that we feel an obligation to the experimenter.
What were the subjects in the Milgram experiment asked to do?
Milgram recruited subjects for his experiments from various walks in life. Respondents were told the experiment would study the effects of punishment on learning ability. They were offered a token cash award for participating.
What is the major problem with the original Milgram study?
What is a major problem with the original Milgram study? Milgram lied to his respondents, making his study borderline unethical. What is the major flaw in the Asch conformity study? Asch ignored the importance of several factors influencing conformity- race, class, and gender.
What happened in the Milgram experiment?
The Milgram experiment was carried out many times whereby Milgram (1965) varied the basic procedure (changed the IV). By doing this Milgram could identify which factors affected obedience (the DV). Obedience was measured by how many participants shocked to the maximum 450 volts (65% in the original study).
What was Milgram’s hypothesis?
The Shirer Hypothesis, which Milgram intended to test, asserts that Germans have a basic character flaw that explains their willingness to destroy the Jewish population: this flaw is the readiness to obey authority without question, no matter what inhumane acts the authority commands (Meyer 96).
Who were the three main characters in Milgram’s obedience experiment?
The three main characters in Milgram’s obedience experiment were the experimenter, the teacher, and the learner.
What are examples of social influences?
Social influence is ubiquitous in human societies. It takes a wide variety of forms, including obedience, conformity, persuasion, social loafing, social facilitation, deindividuation, observer effect, bystander effect, and peer pressure.
Why do we listen to authority?
In everyday situations, people obey orders because they want to get rewards, because they want to avoid the negative consequences of disobeying, and because they believe an authority is legitimate. People justify their behavior by assigning responsibility to the authority rather than themselves.