What are the 8 rules for commas?
What are the 8 rules for commas?
Commas (Eight Basic Uses) USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE. USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES. USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES. USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES. USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.
How do you use commas correctly?
Comma UseUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.
Does this sentence need a comma?
Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. An independent clause is a unit of grammatical organization that includes both a subject and verb and can stand on its own as a sentence.
What are the 12 comma rules?
Remember These 12 Rules When Using Commas#1 Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet) that links two independent clauses. #2 Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. #3 Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. #4 Use a comma after introductory adverbs.
How many comma rules are there?
eight comma rules
Can you put a comma after and?
The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it.
How do you punctuate so?
Informal rule: If “if so” means “if it is so” or “if that is so,” it needs one comma if it starts a sentence and two in the middle of a sentence. “If not/if not” follows the same rule.
How do you use commas in a list?
When making a list, commas are the most common way to separate one list item from the next. The final two items in the list are usually separated by “and” or “or”, which should be preceeded by a comma. Amongst editors this final comma in a list is known as the “Oxford Comma”.
What do you call a comma?
The comma , is a punctuation mark that appears in several variants in different languages. It has the same shape as an apostrophe or single closing quotation mark (‘) in many typefaces, but it differs from them in being placed on the baseline of the text.
What are the 4 types of commas?
There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.
What is () symbol called?
British vs. American EnglishBritish EnglishAmerican EnglishThe ” ! ” symbol is calledan exclamation markan exclamation pointThe ” ( ) ” symbols are calledbracketsparenthesesThe ” [ ] ” symbols are calledsquare bracketsbracketsThe position of quotation marksJoy means “happiness”.Joy means “happiness.”2
What are full stops and commas?
Every sentence should include at least a capital letter at the start, and a full stop, exclamation mark or question mark at the end. This basic system indicates that the sentence is complete. the comma , the full stop .
How do you punctuate for example?
A comma or a semicolon is placed before for example. A comma is placed after it. The example phrase is placed directly after the word it modifies.
Where do you put commas and full stops?
Full stops and commasA full stop (or period) is primarily used to mark the end of a sentence. If using a footnote referencing style, including OSCOLA, the citation should come after the full stop:An Oxford comma precedes the ‘and’ before the last entry of a list.
Can you use a full stop after one word?
Period after a single word Sometimes a single word can form the sentence. In this case you place a fullstop after the word as you would in any other sentence. This is often the case when the subject is understood as in a greeting or a command.
Why do Americans say period?
British and American English were of one mind on this, even into the 20th century. This then gave rise to an interesting cultural quirk that is more common in American English than British, the use of the word period at the end of an argument to indicate finality: “You stink because your whole family stinks. Period.”
What is Full Stop example?
The period is also known as a full stop because it signals a speaker or reader that the sentence has come to an end. Examples: The dog is brown. My sister’s name is Lisa.
What can you use to join two main clauses together in one sentence?
Two independent clauses can also be joined into one compound sentence with a semicolon alone. (Note: You can use a comma between independent clauses only if you also use a coordinating conjunction.) To learn how to form a compound sentence like this, look at these simple sentences.
How do you join two sentences?
You have four options for combining two complete sentences:comma and a conjunction (“and,” “but,” “or,” “for,” or “yet”)semicolon and a transitional adverb, like “therefore,” “moreover,” or “thus”semicolon (;)colon (:)
How do you join two clauses?
Independent clauses are strongJoin two independent clauses with a semicolon.Join two independent clauses with a comma and coordinating conjunction.