Did Milgram break ethical guidelines?
He concluded that under the right circumstances ordinary people will obey unjust orders. Milgram’s study has been heavily criticised for breaking numerous ethical guidelines, including: deception, right to withdraw and protection from harm.
What was wrong with the Milgram experiment?
Many participants were visibly distressed and demonstrated signs of stress; trembling, sweating, nervous laugher, biting lips and digging fingernails into palms. It was further reported three participants had uncontrollable seizures during the study. The second ethical issue was the right to withdraw consent.
What was Aschs aim?
Solomon Asch conducted an experiment to investigate the extent to which social pressure from a majority group could affect a person to conform. If the participant gave an incorrect answer it would be clear that this was due to group pressure.
What was the surprising result of Asch’s experiment on conformity?
What was the surprising result of Asch’s experiment on conformity? People conform to what others say, even when they know the others are wrong.
What three are factors causing social impact?
THREE LAWS OF BEHAVIOUR He thinks there are three rules or laws at work. This is a pressure that gets put on people to change their behaviour – if it succeeds, that is Social Impact. Social force is generated by persuasion, threat, humour, embarrassment and other influences.
Is Asch’s study reliable?
Asch’s results have been replicated several times so the results are reliable. The results of the experiment in terms of conformity rates can, to some extent, explain why people conform to social and cultural norms in real life. Conformity may be universal to some degree but conformity rates vary cross-culturally.
How is Asch’s line study ethnocentric?
The main evaluation points for Asch’s study involve ethical issues, historical/cultural context and the lab experiment method: The sample is limited as it was all male (androcentric), American (ethnocentric). Another ethical issue is the potential physical and/or psychological harm.
What is impression formation theory?
Impression Formation Theory suggests that environmental information is received through the process of perception and that the environment is an integral part of behavior. Impressions then serve to direct consumer (group) based or personal (individual) decisions.
What was the conclusion of Asch experiment?
The experiments revealed the degree to which a person’s own opinions are influenced by those of groups. Asch found that people were willing to ignore reality and give an incorrect answer in order to conform to the rest of the group.
What did we learn from Milgram experiment?
The Milgram experiment, and the replications and related experiments that followed it, showed that contrary to expectations, most people will obey an order given by an authority figure to harm someone, even if they feel that it’s wrong, and even if they want to stop.
What is Asch’s Configural model?
The configural model hypothesizes that people form a unified overall impression of other people; the unifying forces shape individual elements to bring them in line with the overall impression. The pressure toward unity changes the meaning of the individual elements to fit better in context.
Is the Asch experiment ethical?
Evaluation of Asch Finally, Asch’s research is ethically questionable. Although it is seen as unethical to deceive participants, Asch’s experiment required deception in order to achieve valid results.
What is a peripheral trait?
A peripheral trait is one whose presence or absence does not imply many other characteristics. For example, if a person is sarcastic, it might imply that he or she is cynical about the world or has a dark sense of humor—but not much else.
What are the 3 types of conformity?
There are three types of conformity: compliance, identification and internalisation.