What type of study is a cross sectional study?

What type of study is a cross sectional study?

In medical research, social science, and biology, a cross-sectional study (also known as a cross-sectional analysis, transverse study, prevalence study) is a type of observational study that analyzes data from a population, or a representative subset, at a specific point in time—that is, cross-sectional data.

What is an example of cross sectional study?

For example, a cross-sectional study might be used to determine if exposure to specific risk factors might correlate with particular outcomes. A researcher might collect cross-sectional data on past smoking habits and current diagnoses of lung cancer, for example.

What is the difference between a case control study and a cross sectional study?

cross sectional is prevalence study and useful to look at single point of time whereas case control study are used to study 2 groups cases(diseased) and controls (non-diseased) and to identify the risk factors between them . it looks back from the time of exposure and the occurrence of disease.

What is the key feature of a cross sectional study?

The defining feature of a cross-sectional study is that it can compare different population groups at a single point in time. Think of it in terms of taking a snapshot. Findings are drawn from whatever fits into the frame.

What are the strengths of a cross sectional study?

4. Strengths and weaknesses of cross-sectional studiesRelatively quick and easy to conduct (no long periods of follow-up).Data on all variables is only collected once.Able to measure prevalence for all factors under investigation.Multiple outcomes and exposures can be studied.

Is a survey a cross sectional study?

A cross-sectional survey collects data to make inferences about a population of interest (universe) at one point in time. Cross-sectional surveys have been described as snapshots of the populations about which they gather data. Panel surveys usually are conducted to measure change in the population being studied.

What is an example of cross sectional data?

For example, if we want to measure current obesity levels in a population, we could draw a sample of 1,000 people randomly from that population (also known as a cross section of that population), measure their weight and height, and calculate what percentage of that sample is categorized as obese.

Do cross sectional studies have a control group?

Norain, in cross-sectional design, the study population is not selected based on exposure or outcome. Therefore, the answer to your question, no, you don’t have to have a control group. Most of the time, though, you can define a control group after you select your study population in a cross sectional study.