Which pope used to be a pirate?
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How did Baldassarre Cossa, the pirate pope, become the leader of the Catholic Church? From 1410-1415, Cossa reigned as Pope John XXIII, but he wasn’t the only pope at the time. In fact, Cossa was one of three popes who struggled to rule over the church.
What is the meaning of antipope?
antipope, in the Roman Catholic church, one who opposes the legitimately elected bishop of Rome, endeavours to secure the papal throne, and to some degree succeeds materially in the attempt.
What effect did Pope John XXIII have on the Church?
In a surprise announcement in 1959, Pope John XXIII called all the world’s Catholic bishops and cardinals to Rome to discuss modernising the Church. The discussions led to major changes in Catholicism, from allowing priests to say Mass in languages other than Latin, to the recognition of other faiths.
What is the difference between antipope and pope?
An antipope (Latin: antipapa) is a person who, in opposition to the legitimately elected pope, makes a significant attempt to occupy the position of Bishop of Rome and leader of the Catholic Church.
What did Pope Baldassarre Cossa do?
Baldassarre Cossa (c. 1370 – 22 December 1419) was Pisan antipope John XXIII (1410–1415) during the Western Schism. The Catholic Church regards him as an antipope, as he opposed Pope Gregory XII whom the Catholic Church now recognizes as the rightful successor of Saint Peter.
What did St John (XXIII) Cossa do?
John (XXIII) John (XXIII), original name Baldassare Cossa, (born, Naples—died Nov. 22, 1419, Florence), schismatic antipope from 1410 to 1415. After receiving his doctorate of law at Bologna, Cossa entered the Curia during the Western Schism, when the papacy suffered from rival claimants (1378–1417) to the throne of St. Peter.
Who was Pope John Cossa?
He was also an opponent of Antipope Benedict XIII, who was recognized by the French bishop as legitimate Pontiff. Cossa was born in the Kingdom of Naples. In 1403, he served as a papal legate in Romagna.
Why is St John Cossa considered an antipope?
The Catholic Church regards him as an antipope, as he opposed Pope Gregory XII whom the Catholic Church now recognizes as the rightful successor of Saint Peter. He was also an opponent of Antipope Benedict XIII, who was recognized by the French bishop as legitimate Pontiff. Cossa was born in the Kingdom of Naples.